L'État Shan, ou Union des États Shan, est une subdivision de la Birmanie nommée d'après les Shan, le groupe ethnique qui y est majoritaire. Sa capitale est Taunggyi. Les autres villes importantes sont Lashio et Kengtung.
L'état Shan est limitrophe de la Chine (Yunnan), du Laos (province de Luang Namtha, dont il est séparé par le Mékong) et de la Thaïlande (province de Chiang Rai, province de Chiang Mai et province de Mae Hong Son).
A bullock cart or ox cart is a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle pulled by oxen (draught cattle). It is a means of transportation used since ancient times in many parts of the world. They are still used today where modern vehicles are too expensive or the infrastructure does not favor them.
Used especially for carrying goods, the bullock cart is pulled by one or several oxen (bullocks). The cart (also known as a jinker) is attached to a bullock team by a special chain attached to yokes, but a rope may also be used for one or two animals. The driver and any other passengers sit on the front of the cart, while load is placed in the back. Traditionally the cargo was usually agrarian goods and lumber.